Enuma Elish

July 24th, 2015


Ummu-Hubur, who formed all things,

Hath made in addition weapons invincible; she hath spawned monster-serpents,

Sharp of tooth and merciless of fang.

With poison, instead of blood, she hath filled their bodies.

Fierce monster-vipers she hath clothed with terror,

With splendor she hath decked them, she hath made them of lofty stature.

Whoever beholdeth them, terror overcometh him,

Their bodies rear up and none can withstand their attack.

She hath set up vipers, and dragons, and the monster Lahamu,

And hurricanes, and raging hounds, and scorpion-men,

And mighty tempests, and fish-men, and rams;

They bear merciless weapons, without fear of the fight.

Her commands are mighty; none can resist them;

After this fashion, huge of stature, hath she made eleven monsters.

When Tiamat heard these words,

She was like one possessed, she lost her reason.

Tiamat uttered wild, piercing cries,

She trembled and shook to her very foundations.

She recited an incantation, she pronounced her spell,

And the gods of the battle cried out for their weapons.

Then advanced Tiamat and Marduk, the counselor of the gods;

To the fight they came on, to the battle they drew nigh.

The lord spread out his net and caught her,

And the evil wind that was behind him he let loose in her face.

As Tiamat opened her mouth to its full extent,

He drove in the evil wind, while as yet she had not shut her lips.

The terrible winds filled her belly,

And her courage was taken from her, and her mouth she opened wide.

He seized the spear and burst her belly,

He severed her inward parts, he pierced her heart.

He overcame her and cut off her life;

He cast down her body and stood upon it.


Then the lord rested, gazing upon her dead body,

While he divided the flesh of the ... , and devised a cunning plan.

He split her up like a flat fish into two halves;

One half of her he established as a covering for heaven.

He fixed a bolt, he stationed a watchman,

And bade them not to let her waters come forth.

He passed through the heavens, he surveyed the regions thereof,

And over against the Deep he set the dwelling of Nudimmud.

And the lord measured the structure of the Deep,

And he founded E-sara, a mansion like unto it.

The mansion E-sara which he created as heaven,

He caused Anu, Bel, and Ea in their districts to inhabit.

He (Marduk) made the stations for the great gods;

The stars, their images, as the stars of the Zodiac, he fixed.

He ordained the year and into sections he divided it;

For the twelve months he fixed three stars.

After he had ... the days of the year ... images,

He founded the station of Nibir [the planet Jupiter] to determine their bounds;

That none might err or go astray,

When Marduk heard the word of the gods,

His heart prompted him and he devised a cunning plan.

He opened his mouth and unto Ea he spake

That which he had conceived in his heart he imparted unto him:

"My blood will I take and bone will I fashion

I will make man, that man may

I will create man who shall inhabit the earth,

That the service of the gods may be established, and that their shrines may be built.

But I will alter the ways of the gods, and I will change their paths;

Together shall they be oppressed and unto evil shall they....

And Ea answered him and spake the word:

"... the ... of the gods I have changed

... and one...

... shall be destroyed and men will I...

... and the gods .

... and they..."

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